Dissociative amnesia, known before as psychogenic amnesia, is a condition in which people are unable to recall valuable information about their life. People who suffered from a traumatic or stressful event in life often develop dissociative amnesia. In some extreme cases, people may not be able to recall most or all their personal information, such as their personal history, name, and friends. This may lead them to travel to another destination and adopt a new identity. However, the severity of dissociative amnesia differs from person to person and at times, prevents them from functioning normally, maintaining relationships, and performing work. If you suspect that your loved one may have developed dissociative amnesia, you need to look out for specific symptoms.
The Symptoms of Dissociative AmnesiaThe symptoms of dissociative amnesia include:
- Localized — Memory loss affects certain parts of an individual’s life or areas of knowledge such as a specific duration of their youth or information about a colleague or friend.
- Generalized — Memory loss affects major areas of a person’s life and/or identity, such as being unable to recognize their job, friends, family, and more.
- Fugue — A person adopts a new identity as they are unable to recognize any person from their past life, family, colleagues, and friends, and cannot explain who they are.
Dissociative Amnesia TreatmentThe primary objective of dissociative amnesia treatment is to alleviate the symptoms and control any behavioral problem. The aim of the treatment is to help people express and process their painful memories, develop new life and coping skills, improve relationships, and restore functioning. The following are some treatments for dissociative amnesia:
- Cognitive therapy
- Family therapy
- Creative therapies, such as music and art therapy
- Clinical hypnosis