PAKC

It’s a False Life – How Delusional Disorder Affects People

      Do you know anyone who is living in the constant fear that someone will harm him or her? Have you ever heard to someone talk for hours about things that don't exist? There is a high possibility that a person who is exhibiting these signs is suffering from a rare medical condition called delusional disorder.     It is a condition in which the sufferer cannot intelligently distinguish between imaginations and reality. Such a person will cling to false beliefs and refuse to give up, even when presented with facts. While these people do not behave in a definitive odd manner in public, they often have the tendency to get lost in their own thoughts, thus secluding themselves within a crowd.     For the condition to be termed as a mental disorder, the signs need to exist for more than a month. For example, in a conflict-affected zone, a person complaining about hearing gunshots is not suffering from the disorder. The reaction is merely an effect of the environment he or she has been exposed to. But if the condition persists for more than one month, the person may require psychiatric help.    

Classification of Delusions

  Delusions are called 'bizarre' when people within the same environment cannot recognize them. For instance, a person talks about witnessing a snowfall in the desert region.  'Non-bizarre' delusions, on the other hand, relate to the incident which can exist but there is no sufficient evidence of their occurrence.    

Different Forms of Delusions

  Spotting the signs of delusional disorder can be tricky as the person with the condition usually carries out their routine activities in an efficient manner. And save the delusions, there is no apparent change in behavior. Generally, a person who shows the following signs is diagnosed with the disorder:     Grandiose – having the wrong perception of being special.     Somatic – having the wrong perception of suffering from a medical condition.     Jealous – being afraid that someone they trust will cheat on them.     Erotomanic - falsely believing that someone of a higher social standing is in love with them.    

Treatment

  One of the most difficult aspects of the treatment of this disorder relates to a patient's denial. An individual who has a delusional disorder doesn't seek medical treatment. For people who seek professional help, experts may opt for psychotherapy or antipsychotic medications, depending on the nature of the disorder.    
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What is Dissociative Amnesia?

      Dissociative amnesia, known before as psychogenic amnesia, is a condition in which people are unable to recall valuable information about their life. People who suffered from a traumatic or stressful event in life often develop dissociative amnesia. In some extreme cases, people may not be able to recall most or all their personal information, such as their personal history, name, and friends.   This may lead them to travel to another destination and adopt a new identity. However, the severity of dissociative amnesia differs from person to person and at times, prevents them from functioning normally, maintaining relationships, and performing work. If you suspect that your loved one may have developed dissociative amnesia, you need to look out for specific symptoms.    

The Symptoms of Dissociative Amnesia

  The symptoms of dissociative amnesia include:
  • Localized — Memory loss affects certain parts of an individual’s life or areas of knowledge such as a specific duration of their youth or information about a colleague or friend.
  • Generalized — Memory loss affects major areas of a person’s life and/or identity, such as being unable to recognize their job, friends, family, and more.
  • Fugue — A person adopts a new identity as they are unable to recognize any person from their past life, family, colleagues, and friends, and cannot explain who they are.
  People who suspect that their loved ones have developed dissociative amnesia should seek a medical professional who provides dissociative amnesia therapy in Kansas City.    

Dissociative Amnesia Treatment

  The primary objective of dissociative amnesia treatment is to alleviate the symptoms and control any behavioral problem. The aim of the treatment is to help people express and process their painful memories, develop new life and coping skills, improve relationships, and restore functioning. The following are some treatments for dissociative amnesia:
  • Psychotherapy
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Medical
  • Family therapy
  • Creative therapies, such as music and art therapy
  • Clinical hypnosis
If someone you know suffers from dissociative amnesia, you need to find a medical professional with experience in administering dissociative amnesia treatment in Kansas City.      
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Disruptive vs. Persistent Mood Disorder

    Disruptive mood disorder or disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is a form of chronic, severe, persistent irritability in children, whereas persistent mood disorder or persistent depressive disorder is a long-term form of chronic depression. The treatment for disruptive mood disorder and persistent mood disorder in Kansas City is available. It is important for you to learn more about how each mood disorder differs from each other.    

Disruptive Mood Disorder

  Disruptive mood disorder is a childhood condition that involves extreme anger, irritability, and frequent outbursts.    

Symptoms of Disruptive Mood Disorder

  The symptoms of disruptive mood disorder usually start before the age of 10, but medical professionals do not diagnose a person with this mood disorder if they are under the age of 6 or over the age of 18. The following are the symptoms of disruptive mood disorder:
  • Angry or irritable mood each day for most of the day.
  • Severe angry outbursts, either behavioral or verbal, at an average of three times or more each week that do not correspond with the situation or the person’s developmental level.
  • Trouble functioning due to feeling irritable in several places such as at home, school, or with friends.
For a medical professional to provide disruptive mood treatment in Kansas City, it is necessary for the child to exhibit these symptoms over time for 12 months or more.    

Disruptive Mood Disorder Treatment

  A medical professional will determine the type of treatment to give a child exhibiting symptoms of disruptive mood disorder by seeing what symptoms they share with other disorders. Some of the disorders they will look into for treatment options include anxiety disorders, major depressive disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder. Some of the treatments used include:
  • Medication
  • Psychological Treatments
    • Parent Training
    • Computer-based Training
    • Psychotherapy
 

Persistent Mood Disorder

  Persistent mood disorder is a chronic form of depression that affects adults, causing them to lose interest in everyday activities, lack productivity, experience low self-esteem, feel hopeless, and feel inadequate. These types of feelings can last for several years and interfere with their relationships at work or school, as well as other day-to-day activities.  

Symptoms of Persistent Mood Disorder

  Symptoms of persistent mood disorder normally appear, disappear, and reappear over a period of years with their intensity changing with time. However, usually, its symptoms last for two months or more at a time before they disappear. Moreover, major episodes of depression may occur either before or during persistent depressive disorder, also known as double depression. The following are the symptoms of persistent mood disorder:  
  • Loss of interest in day-to-day activities
  • Sadness, feeling low, or emptiness
  • Hopelessness
  • Low energy levels or tiredness
  • Low self-esteem, feeling incapable, or self-criticism
  • Unable to concentrate or make decisions
  • Avoiding social activities
  • Irritability or extreme anger
  • Feeling guilty and being worried
  • Overeating or poor appetite
  • Unable to sleep
  Any person who suspects they suffer from persistent mood disorder should consult a medical professional for persistent mood disorder treatment in Kansas City.    

Persistent Mood Disorder Treatment

  A medical professional will recommend a treatment for you based on the following:  
  • Severity of symptoms
  • Your wish to address situational or emotional issues affecting your life
  • Your personal preferences
  • Prior treatment methods
  • Unable to tolerate medication
  • Other emotional issues
    A medical professional may recommend medication, such as SSRIs, TCAs, and SNRIs or psychotherapy. If you think you suffer from either disorder, you need to seek treatment for persistent mood disorder or disruptive mood disorder in Kansas City.        
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Cyclothymic Disorder

    Cyclothymic disorder, a milder form of bipolar disorder, are episodes of hypomanic symptoms — elevated mood and euphoria — and depressive symptoms that prolong for at least two years. Medical professionals do not classify this disorder as a full-blown hypomanic or depressive episode because the number, severity, and duration of the symptoms is less.  

How Do Doctors Diagnose Cyclothymic Disorder?

  For doctors to diagnose a person with cyclothymic disorder, the person should have experienced hypomanic and depressive symptoms at different times in their life for at least two years. Cyclothymic disorder begins at adolescence or early adulthood with a 15% to 50% probability of the person to develop bipolar I or II disorder.   However, the risk of a person developing bipolar I because they suffered from cyclothymic disorder is still less, as most people tend to recover and do not experience any hypomanic and depressive symptoms in the future. In both males and females, cyclothymic disorder is common.  

The Symptoms of Cyclothymic Disorder

  For children and adolescents, cyclothymic disorder symptoms last for one year, but generally, the person should exhibit its symptoms for at least two years for doctors to diagnose them with it. The symptoms of cyclothymic disorder and hypomanic disorder are the same with the only difference being the duration they last.   The symptoms of cyclothymic disorder do not last long and are less severe. Since cyclothymic disorder’s symptoms are a combination of both hypomanic and depressive disorder, it is important to look at both before diagnosing a person with cyclothymic disorder.  

Symptoms of Hypomanic Disorder

 
  • A lasting duration of behavior that is different from usual
  • Abuse of drugs, sleeping medications, and alcohol
  • Being more talkative than usual or feeling pressure to continue talking
  • Denial that something is wrong
  • Distractibility, inability to concentrate
  • Excessively euphoric mood
  • Impractical beliefs in their abilities and powers
  • Increased energy, anxiety, and activity
  • Increased sex drive
  • Irritability
  • Poor judgment
  • Provocative, invasive, or aggressive behavior
  • Racing thoughts and speech, jumping from one idea to another
  • Sleeping less
  • Impulsive spending behavior
   

Symptoms of Depressive Disorder

 
  • Unable to concentrate, remember, and decide
  • Excessive sleepiness or unable to sleep
  • Fatigue or lethargy
  • Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and, or, guilt
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss OR overeating and weight gain
  • Loss of self-esteem
  • Persistent sadness
  • Persistent thoughts of death
  • Withdrawal from activities that were once enjoyed
  • Withdrawal from friends
  The treatment for cyclothymia disorder is similar to the treatment of bipolar I and II disorder and the duration of the treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms.    
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Delirium

    Delirium, classified as an abrupt change in the brain, causes emotional disruption and mental confusion. It makes it difficult for a person diagnosed with delirium to think, recall, sleep, stay attentive, and more. However, delirium can be temporary and treatable.  

The Three Types of Delirium

  Medical professionals categorize delirium by its cause, severity, and characteristics.
  • Delirium Tremens – The severest form of the condition experienced by individuals going through alcohol withdrawal.
  • Hyperactive Delirium – This form is classified as being extremely uncooperative and alert.
  • Hypoactive Delirium – This form is the most common out of the two and in it, individuals tend to sleep a lot and become careless and disorganized with performing daily tasks such as missing meals and appointments.
Some individuals may experience a combination of both hyperactive delirium and hypoactive delirium, switching between the two.  

Causes of Delirium

  Inflammation and infection can hinder the function of the brain, resulting in the person developing delirium. Certain medications to treat illnesses can also cause delirium. Drug abuse is another cause of delirium.   Eating or drinking poisonous substances and alcohol withdrawal are responsible as well for a person developing delirium. Moreover, breathing difficulties or certain conditions that cut oxygen to the brain can drastically modify the function of the brain, resulting in severe mental confusion.  

People at Risk for Delirium

  People who are over the age of 65 or have developed several health conditions are at a higher risk to develop delirium. Other types of people who are at risk for delirium include:
  • Certain medications such as sleeping pills, blood pressure medications, sedatives, and painkillers
  • Contributing Factors that Because Delirium Include
  • Infection such as urinary tract infection
  • Lack of sleep
  • People who are under severe emotional stress
  • People who experienced conditions that damaged the brain
  • People withdrawing from drinking alcohol and drugs
  • Poor diet and nutrition
  • Surgery patients

Symptoms of Delirium

  • Unclear speech and thoughts
  • Sleeping poorly or feeling sleepy
  • Decreased short-term memory
  • Loss of muscle control
The doctor will diagnose a person with delirium if their behavior changes during the day, especially if they are hospitalized, they have a difficult time paying attention or making sense of what others say, and they cannot form a coherent sentence. The doctor will perform a few tests to check the for imbalances, view their family history, and see the symptoms before they diagnose someone with delirium.  

Treatment for Delirium:

  Delirium is often treated with antipsychotic such as Haloperidol.        
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What Are The Effects Of Adult ADHD On Their Lives?

    It’s an understatement to say that Attention Deficit Hyper Disorder (ADHD) can disturb your life as an adult. From your career to the romantic and domestic aspects of your life- all can be adversely affected due to this mental health condition.   To understand the urgency of a medical treatment, take a look at some of the effects of adult ADHD on your life.  

Impacts of Adult ADHD

  Whether your ADHD is undiagnosed and untreated, or diagnosed and untreated, it can disrupt the balance you aim to achieve in your life. Some of the common problems you face because of it include:    

Health Issues

  If the signs of ADHD are overlooked, you might encounter numerous health issues such as uncontrolled eating habits, anxiety, drug or alcohol abuse, high stress levels, and low levels of self-esteem. If you struggle with Inattentive ADHD, you might neglect medications and/or disregard important doctor check-ups that may lead to other problems.    

Faltering Personal Relationships

  ADHD can deteriorate your relationships with family or your significant other. You might be prone to a disorganized or messy lifestyle and the constant complaining from  family members or your partner may frustrate you. This results in fights and arguments. You may appear ‘careless’ or ‘insensitive’ or ‘uninterested’ which can end up hurting them.    

Workplace Challenges

  ADHD in adults often results in several workplace challenges that make it difficult for them to keep up with routine work. These hurdles may also induce a sense of failure. Some work place difficulties that adults with ADHD may encounter include inability to comply with the rules and policies, failure to meet deadlines, lethargy and a sluggish attitude, showing up late to work, etc. They may also encounter financial problems such as unpaid bills, overspending, poor budgeting, high debt ratio, etc.   If you notice signs of ADHD in yourself or a beloved, contact us to access expert psychiatric treatment. Treatment can save you from feeling hopeless, disappointed, frustrated and angered with yourself, allowing you to live a well-balanced life in the long term. Mental health is important, take a step in the right direction today.    
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ADD VS ADHD- What’s the Difference?

   

What is ADHD?

  ADHD is a medically recognized term for the mental health condition known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This disorder is also associated with ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder.  However, it is now only used to describe mental health conditions where individuals bear a lack of focus, inattentiveness or a short attention span- a type of ADHD.     Simple difference between the two conditions is that people with ADHD are hyperactive or impulsive, while people with ADD (type of ADHD) are inattentive    

Types of ADHD

  There are three types of ADHD: Inattentive, Hyperactive, and Mixed ADHD.    

Inattentive ADHD

  Inattentive ADHD is recognized as a child exhibiting nonchalant and uninterested behavior. Adults on the other hand exhibit problems in regulating their emotions.  Some of the symptoms of this mental condition are:
  • Failure to pay attention to details
  • Careless mistakes
  • Inability to listen when spoken to
  • Inability to execute projects to an end
  • Challenges with leadership positions
  • Refusal or hesitance to commit to mentally engaging/demanding tasks
  • Submission to distractions
  • Forgetfulness
 

Hyperactive ADHD

  Hyperactive or otherwise known as Impulsive ADHD is the archetypal type of mental condition where individuals are hyperactive in their daily lives. Some of the symptoms of this condition are:
  • Inability to sit motionless in a place
  • Running, jumping or climbing in inappropriate places among preadolescents, while adolescents and adults may be physically restless
  • Inability to enjoy peace and quiet
  • Talkative
  • Inability to hold back or filter words
  • Inability to wait in queues
  • Constant interruptions in conversations
 

Combined/ Mixed ADHD

    Combined/ Mixed ADHD is diagnosed when an individual has 6 or more common signs of Inattentive ADHD, and 6 or more Hyper-Impulsive ADHD.     Consult our expert psychiatrists for diagnosis or medical treatment for ADHD.    
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Everything about General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

      General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized by excessive and constant worry regarding a number of things. Anyone suffering from GAD usually anticipates disaster and gets overly concerned about health, money, work, family and other issues.   These patients are unable to control their worry. They might worry and expect the worst case scenario even when there is no obvious reason for concern.  

Effects of GAD

  The life of a patient suffering from GAD is plagued by a persistent state of worry, dread, and fear. As a result, this worry dominates the patient’s thinking and start interfering with relationships, social activities, work, school activities, and other matters.   Typically, the patient is incapacitated during episodes while feeling totally overwhelmed by such feelings.   Chronic anxiety disorders commonly occur along with anorexia nervosa, drug abuse, bulimia or various other eating disorders. They can be tightly interwoven with these illnesses.  

Medication Treatment Options

  GAD can be treated by using different treatment types including medication and therapies. If your physician recommends medication, it can be part of both a short-term and long-term plan.   Short-term plan may help relaxing more physical symptoms of GAD like stomach cramping or muscle tension. Medicines used to treat them include Clonazepam, Alprazolam, Lorazepam etc.   Other medications (antidepressants) work better for a long-term medication plan. Commonly used medicines include Buspirone, Citalopram, Fluvoxamine etc.  In conjunction with medication management, it may be recommended to see a psychologist for coping skills management of some behaviors.  One of our skilled psychiatrist can help with diagnosis GAD and in medication management.        
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Asperger’s Syndrome and Treatment Options

    Asperger’s syndrome is characterized as the distinct autism spectrum disorder. People suffering from this syndrome usually have normal to above-average intelligence. However, they usually face difficulties in terms of social interactions. They often have absorbing pervasive interests in some special topics.   The degree of symptoms’ severity varies among different affected individuals. There are some abnormalities in the use and interpretation of language, although language development remains normal.   Asperger’s syndrome is the group of neurodevelopment disorders affecting an individual’s behavior, communication and language use along with social interaction patterns. Following are some of the commonly associate behaviors with Asperger’s syndrome:
  • Repetitive and robotic speech
  • Inappropriate and limited social interactions
  • Difficulty with non-verbal communication
  • Inability to understand non-literal phrases along with emotional/social issues
  • Obsession with unusual, specific topics
  • Awkward mannerism or movement
  • Lack of eye contact or even reciprocal conversation
 

Treatment Options for Asperger’s Syndrome

  There is no best and single treatment for Asperger's syndrome. In most cases, cognitive behavioral therapy seems to be most helpful in controlling emotions, repetitive behavior and obsession along with learning social skills.   There are some educational, groups and social programs that help patients’ of Asperger’s syndrome to learn adaptive and social activities through highly structured activities. In addition to different behavioral interventions, patients’ affected by this syndrome are also helped by medications like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), stimulants and antipsychotics to treat associated issues like depression, anxiety, and ADHD and hyperactivity.   The patient’s physician may also recommend different therapies to cope with Asperger’s syndrome. So the treatment options include medication, therapy, alternative approaches, and others. Some of the commonly performed therapies include;
  • Medication therapy
  • Occupational therapy/sensory integration
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Speech-language and social skills training therapy
  • Anger management and others.
Nonetheless, just like any other autism spectrum disorder, the sooner a patient starts with the treatment, the easier it becomes to manage Asperger’s.     
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Adult Bipolar Disorder is a Depressive Illness

      Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness is a serious brain disorder that results in strange shifts in mood, activity levels, energy and ability to perform daily tasks. The illness can have severe symptoms which are different from the routine ups and downs we face every day.   Many of the symptoms result in poor school and job performance, damaged relationships, and even suicide. However, the disorder is treatable and people suffering from this illness can restart a healthy and productive life.   The illness that usually co-exists with bipolar disorder is substance abuse. The reasons for this particular link are still unclear. Patients often attempt to treat their illness with drugs and alcohol.  

Effects of Bipolar Disorder

  The effects of this illness on a patient’s life can range from major disruption to minor disturbances. The severity of symptoms depends if the patient receives a precise diagnosis including recognition of co-occurring disorders.   Some of the effects of bipolar disorder include:
  • Poor school and job performance
  • Damaged relationships
  • Impulsive decisions leading to financial and legal consequences
  • Self-harming behaviors and repetitive self-mutilation
  • Suicide, in some extreme cases
The length of the depressive and manic episodes may also take a toll on the patient’s friends, family, and co-workers.  

Medication Treatment Options

  Medication is the essential part of the overall treatment plan. They may not cure you completely but help you maintain a balanced mood so that you perform the daily activities and live a healthy life. Different types of medicines are used to treat bipolar disorder. Indeed, the best medicine is the one that suits you.   Some of the commonly used medicines include Divalproex sodium, lithium, Valproic acid, Carbamazepine etc. Also, drugs known as antipsychotic medicines including Loxapine, Haloperidol or Risperidone are also popular for treating bipolar disorder.      
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