Monthly Archives - October 2018

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – What You Need to Know!

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental illness. Anyone suffering from OCD has;
  • Obsessions - unwanted thoughts regarding disease and dirt, the occurrence of terrible things, violence, sex, or religious themes
  • Compulsion – overwhelming urge to perform different activities like checking, praying, counting and cleaning
The mental illness can affect anyone, belonging to different age groups, and commonly starts in childhood.   The cause of OCD is yet to be known. However, according to some evidence, the illness usually runs in families.  

Effects of OCD

  The illness can instantly become all consuming as well as physically disabling. The sufferers usually have a poor quality of life as the condition rules the day. Also, the signs of OCD are quite troubling for family and friends.   As the sufferer tries to stop the unreasonable obsessions, the efforts only increase the anxiety and distress of the person.  

Medication Treatment for OCD

  The most commonly used medication is the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor – SSRI. One example of this is Fluoxetine (brand name Prozac). This medication helps to reduce compulsions and intrusive thoughts in addition to related depression.   If the sufferer doesn’t respond to an SSRI, the physician may revert to clomipramine. Oftentimes, clomipramine and SSRI are combined in treatment. Moreover, atypical antipsychotics have also proven to be effective but in low doses. Generally, medication helps the patient to get into a suitable mindset to help in conjunction with ERP (Exposure Response Prevention) therapy.  

Need to See a Psychiatrist

  OCD is a serious mental condition that needs treatment from a reputed psychiatrist.  OCD and can be treated through different therapies while the patient continues to take the prescribed medication.    
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ADD VS ADHD- What’s the Difference?

   

What is ADHD?

  ADHD is a medically recognized term for the mental health condition known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This disorder is also associated with ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder.  However, it is now only used to describe mental health conditions where individuals bear a lack of focus, inattentiveness or a short attention span- a type of ADHD.     Simple difference between the two conditions is that people with ADHD are hyperactive or impulsive, while people with ADD (type of ADHD) are inattentive    

Types of ADHD

  There are three types of ADHD: Inattentive, Hyperactive, and Mixed ADHD.    

Inattentive ADHD

  Inattentive ADHD is recognized as a child exhibiting nonchalant and uninterested behavior. Adults on the other hand exhibit problems in regulating their emotions.  Some of the symptoms of this mental condition are:
  • Failure to pay attention to details
  • Careless mistakes
  • Inability to listen when spoken to
  • Inability to execute projects to an end
  • Challenges with leadership positions
  • Refusal or hesitance to commit to mentally engaging/demanding tasks
  • Submission to distractions
  • Forgetfulness
 

Hyperactive ADHD

  Hyperactive or otherwise known as Impulsive ADHD is the archetypal type of mental condition where individuals are hyperactive in their daily lives. Some of the symptoms of this condition are:
  • Inability to sit motionless in a place
  • Running, jumping or climbing in inappropriate places among preadolescents, while adolescents and adults may be physically restless
  • Inability to enjoy peace and quiet
  • Talkative
  • Inability to hold back or filter words
  • Inability to wait in queues
  • Constant interruptions in conversations
 

Combined/ Mixed ADHD

    Combined/ Mixed ADHD is diagnosed when an individual has 6 or more common signs of Inattentive ADHD, and 6 or more Hyper-Impulsive ADHD.     Consult our expert psychiatrists for diagnosis or medical treatment for ADHD.    
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Everything about General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

      General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized by excessive and constant worry regarding a number of things. Anyone suffering from GAD usually anticipates disaster and gets overly concerned about health, money, work, family and other issues.   These patients are unable to control their worry. They might worry and expect the worst case scenario even when there is no obvious reason for concern.  

Effects of GAD

  The life of a patient suffering from GAD is plagued by a persistent state of worry, dread, and fear. As a result, this worry dominates the patient’s thinking and start interfering with relationships, social activities, work, school activities, and other matters.   Typically, the patient is incapacitated during episodes while feeling totally overwhelmed by such feelings.   Chronic anxiety disorders commonly occur along with anorexia nervosa, drug abuse, bulimia or various other eating disorders. They can be tightly interwoven with these illnesses.  

Medication Treatment Options

  GAD can be treated by using different treatment types including medication and therapies. If your physician recommends medication, it can be part of both a short-term and long-term plan.   Short-term plan may help relaxing more physical symptoms of GAD like stomach cramping or muscle tension. Medicines used to treat them include Clonazepam, Alprazolam, Lorazepam etc.   Other medications (antidepressants) work better for a long-term medication plan. Commonly used medicines include Buspirone, Citalopram, Fluvoxamine etc.  In conjunction with medication management, it may be recommended to see a psychologist for coping skills management of some behaviors.  One of our skilled psychiatrist can help with diagnosis GAD and in medication management.        
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Asperger’s Syndrome and Treatment Options

    Asperger’s syndrome is characterized as the distinct autism spectrum disorder. People suffering from this syndrome usually have normal to above-average intelligence. However, they usually face difficulties in terms of social interactions. They often have absorbing pervasive interests in some special topics.   The degree of symptoms’ severity varies among different affected individuals. There are some abnormalities in the use and interpretation of language, although language development remains normal.   Asperger’s syndrome is the group of neurodevelopment disorders affecting an individual’s behavior, communication and language use along with social interaction patterns. Following are some of the commonly associate behaviors with Asperger’s syndrome:
  • Repetitive and robotic speech
  • Inappropriate and limited social interactions
  • Difficulty with non-verbal communication
  • Inability to understand non-literal phrases along with emotional/social issues
  • Obsession with unusual, specific topics
  • Awkward mannerism or movement
  • Lack of eye contact or even reciprocal conversation
 

Treatment Options for Asperger’s Syndrome

  There is no best and single treatment for Asperger's syndrome. In most cases, cognitive behavioral therapy seems to be most helpful in controlling emotions, repetitive behavior and obsession along with learning social skills.   There are some educational, groups and social programs that help patients’ of Asperger’s syndrome to learn adaptive and social activities through highly structured activities. In addition to different behavioral interventions, patients’ affected by this syndrome are also helped by medications like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), stimulants and antipsychotics to treat associated issues like depression, anxiety, and ADHD and hyperactivity.   The patient’s physician may also recommend different therapies to cope with Asperger’s syndrome. So the treatment options include medication, therapy, alternative approaches, and others. Some of the commonly performed therapies include;
  • Medication therapy
  • Occupational therapy/sensory integration
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Speech-language and social skills training therapy
  • Anger management and others.
Nonetheless, just like any other autism spectrum disorder, the sooner a patient starts with the treatment, the easier it becomes to manage Asperger’s.     
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